• China's judicial assistance


    A narrow description of judicial assistance would be “investigating and collecting evidence, as well as serving judicial papers or documents”. A broader definition would include civil and commercial matters, criminal justice, extradition, and the transfer of prisoners.

  • Chinese Cooperation with Foreign Countries in Judicial Affairs


    China has been cooperating with foreign countries in judicial assistance since the mid-1980s and is cooperating in the area of extradition and transfer of criminals.

  • Commercial Judicial Assistance


    China currently has treaties on civil and commercial judicial assistance with 13 countries and has treaties on civil and criminal judicial assistance and treaties on civil, commercial and criminal judicial assistance with 19 countries.

  • Criminal Judicial Assistance


    In judicial assistance treaties with foreign countries, the scope of criminal activity is limited to serving writs and providing evidence.

  • Extradition


    If the Chinese authorities consent to the request, they will inform the foreign country through diplomatic channels, then confer and reach an agreement on the extradition method.

  • Transfer of a person under sentence


    If a foreigner accused of a crime is imprisoned in China, that person will face language, material, and cultures difficulties, so the transfer of that person to the country of origin for imprisonment avoids difficulties and recognizes the jurisdiction of the country.

  • Conventions that China has signed


    The chart includes conventions that China has signed with foreign countries.