During a visit to Changchun Railway Vehicle Co Ltd in Changchun, capital of Northeast China's Jilin province, President Xi Jinping said government officials at all levels were the people's servants, and the central leaders were the chief servants of the people.
"Political rules" is a key phrase to understand China's contemporary political thought. A party that has more than 86 million members will be chaotic without rules. The Party has four major political rules.
If the officials violate the Party's discipline but don't violate the law and they confess to the discipline inspection authorities, they may be demoted within the authorities while staying free from criminal punishment by the law.
The official assets declaration system needs to be strengthened to make the supervision of officials more transparent and efficient, which may effectively discover such corrupt officials no matter how well they disguise themselves.
About two-thirds of the interviewees think "listening to the public" and "guaranteeing the transparent and open exercising of power" would be conducive to managing officials strictly.
Environmental protection supervision is important and should focus on preventing the air, water and soil from being polluted, and supervising the implementation of the central authority's policies on those issues.
All officials elected or appointed by people's congresses at all levels and standing committees above the county level, as well as State functionaries at any level appointed by the governments and judicial organs will have to take a public oath of allegiance to the Constitution before assuming office.
By the end of November, nearly 40 provincial or higher level officials had been snared this year in the ongoing anti-corruption campaign. Discipline inspectors across China have punished 84,000 for Party discipline and administrative violations.